Hermès International S.A., or simply Hermès, is a French luxury goods manufacturer established in 1837. It specializes in leather goods, lifestyle accessories, home furnishings, perfumery, jewelry, watches, and ready-to-wear. Its logo, a Duc carriage with the horse, has been the insignia of the brand since the 1950s.
Founded by Thierry Hermès, the company started as a harness workshop servicing noblemen, creating high-quality wrought harnesses and bridles for the carriage trade. Hermès's son, Charles-Émile, took over management from his father in 1880 and moved the shop to 24 rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré, where it remains. The family-run business introduced saddlery and started selling their product retail catering to the elites of Europe, North Africa, Russia, Asia, and the Americas.
In 1920, they added accessories and clothing collections to their growing product list. A decade later in the mid-1930s, Hermès employed Swiss watchmaker Universal Genevè as the brand's first and exclusive designer of timepieces, producing a line of men's wrist chronographs and officially adding watches to their stock. The brand's first and exclusive designer of timepieces were manufactured in 18-carat gold or stainless steel and women's Art Dèco cuff watches in 18K gold, steel, or platinum. Both models contained dials signed either "Hermès" or "Hermès Universal Genève", while the watch movements were signed "Universal Genève S.A.". The Hermès/Universal partnership lasted until the 1950s. Since then, the brand came out with numerous lines of watches matching with the brand's philosophy and tradition of refined elegance.