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Mahmoud Moussa

(b. 1913) Born Alexandrian in 1913, he was one of the most important sculptors of the second generation of the Egyptian pioneers. He started his art studies in Alexandria when he was 13 years old and began to showcase his work in a group exhibition two years after, in what will become later the Modern Art Museum. He worked in a ceramic factory for a while and then fully devoted himself to artistic pursuits until the end of his life. He won many prizes for this work including the Egyptian Section First Prize, at the 1963 Alexandria Biennial. He also received a four-year Ministry of Culture Fellowship, which allowed him to concentrate solely on his art. He created numerous significant sculptures worldwide, such as the three-meter sculpture for the Porta Rosa in Ex-Yugoslavia in 1979, the marble relief on the façade of the National Bank’s main head-quarters in Cairo in 1955, the relief at the Alexandria Railway Station in 1957, the relief on the Jesuit church in 1961 and the relief on the Maronite church in 1977, both in Alexandria. He sculpted various media even though his work is mainly compact granite or marble figures. Many of his works are expressing the intimate relationship between man and animal as first represented by ancient Egyptian motifs. His work is characterized by his use of the same materials as those of the ancient Egyptian sculptors. He developed his own style and became famous for sculpting animals in translucent marble. Moussa’s work is revealing the poetry of such a soft and natural effect of sculpting on stone. He passed away in 2003.