Born in Basra in 1934, Ismail Fattah-Al-Turk studied at Baghdad’s Institute of Fine Arts, where he received his first degree in Painting in 1956 and then in Sculpture in 1958. He later moved to Italy and obtained a degree in sculpture from the Academy of Fine Arts in Rome in 1963. Having received prizes for his work in Italy, he was already recognized as one of the most prominent young Iraqi artists by the time he returned to Baghdad. In the late 1960s and early 1970s he received numerous commissions to make statues of important Iraqi cultural figures in public squares in Baghdad. His reputation in Iraq is mainly based on these sculpture projects, and especially for the famous Martyrs’ Monument in Baghdad. Ismail Fattah died in Baghdad in 2004.